afrikaans vs dutch

Afrikaans is a creole language that evolved during the 19th century under colonialism in southern Africa. So, with that said, if you’re not busy learning a language you can always read more about language on DutchReview. Afrikaans and English were the official languages of South Africa. The English term dins, written as dienst in Dutch turns into diens in Afrikaans. Afrikaans, a creole of Dutch, is spoken by 6 million people in South Africa as a mother tongue. It is also spoken in Zimbabwe and Botswana, but not extensively. The same is also true with ending syllabic clusters, such as lucht that becomes lug or air in English. We're constantly hunting for the latest, greatest, and most Dutch spots for our readers. Afrikaans is considered as a major language as well because it is the language of commerce along with English. Dutch is an original language, while Afrikaans = Dutch + African languages + some English. The first translation of the Bible in the Afrikaans language was published in 1933. Aside from the mentioned areas, Afrikaans is spoken in Zimbabwe, Zambia, the United States, the United Kingdom, New Zealand and the Netherlands. Afrikaans is a southern African language. Much of the terminologies used by the medical and scientific worlds are in English. All material on this website (DutchReview) is strictly copyright and all rights reserved. It’s the third most spoken language in South Africa and has the broadest racial and geographical distribution among all the languages spoken in the country. South Africa speaks 11 languages officially: Afrikaans, Ndebele, English, Northern Soho, Swazi, Sotho, Tsonga, Venda, Tswama, Zulu and Xhosa. Most of the language evolved from the combination of Hollands and Dutch Afrikaans. There is no distinction between the object and subject form of personal pronouns in the plural form. They’d show up at our house for a visit with my aunt and uncle, dressed in matching dresses or dungarees. A Germanic language descending from Dutch; the primary language of the descendants of Dutch and other European settlers, as well as many mixed-race (e.g. Seventy percent... It’s carnival season around the world and many people’s eyes turn to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, home to the largest celebration... Harry Potter in Translation: From Serpentard to Rumpledunk, The Ubiquitous Pencil: Still Going Strong after More than Five Centuries of Use, What the British Really Mean When They Say Certain Things, The Prague Carnival: A Costume Party in the Streets, The Minions’ language is a combination of French, Spanish, English… and food references. As noted by Google, Afrikaans is “derived from Dutch”, so the saving grace is that the language is still very relevant to the Netherlands. Hollandic was the main language of the Dutch settlers in the country. As you can imagine, outsiders often confused the two. Towards the end he spoke about the economic crisis in South Africa during the 90`s. Overall, around 15 million to 23 million people speak Afrikaans. Dutch is primarily spoken in the Netherlands, a country with over 17 million inhabitants. What makes it more nuanced is that not all South Africans speak Afrikaans as their first language with native proficiency. Some of the simplifications that happened: Phonetically, also simplified many consonant clusters when located at the end of words. ), likes travel and languages. . Due to the simplifications in spelling and phonetic evolutions of Afrikaans, it became different to Dutch. The Dutch and normally found in the middle of some words were changed into the single sound and single spelling of . Morning is morgen in Dutch and môre in Afrikaans. Beside those 6 million there are also 10 million people that speak Afrikaans as a secondary language, often next to English, Xhosa or Zulu. The schools say that the demand for Afrikaans as the medium of instruction is dwindling. But personally I have issues with construction of sentences… which does differ quite a lot. He has a kick-ass YouYube channel (170K+ subscribers) with tons of handy videos about learning Dutch. Get exclusive access to industry news, discounts and deals straight to your inbox, The lovable characters from “Despicable Me” are finally having their spin off movie. If you can speak Afrikaans, you will likely understand some Dutch a bit more easily, although it’s still a challenge, even for the native Afrikaans speakers out there. Many do, but there is a high chance that the sunny South African you do meet has another first language (Eg: English, Xhosa, Zulu as some examples) and either speaks no Afrikaans at all, or Afrikaans to a high-school level proficiency (guilty!). It is derived from Dutch and is so similar that an Afrikaans person and a Dutch person can communicate effectively. The expanded use of Afrikaans was due to its use in TV, radio programs and newspapers. The written Dutch words are often If you are dissatisfied with the website or any content or materials on it, your sole exclusive remedy is to discontinue your use of the website. Although Afrikaans is a daughter of Dutch, Dutch speakers might take some time to understand the language but they can understand Afrikaans. Open Mic vol 1 – Interviewing Mr Sean Hopwood, Translating Mandarin: How Linguistic Works, How to Kick off your Career as a Professional Interpreter, Baie – many, very or much (Dutch – erg or veel), Sambreel – umbrella (Portuguese – sombreiro), Kraal – cattle enclosure or pen (Portuguese – curral), Fundi – subject matter expert or student (Zulu – umfundi), Tjailatyd or Tjaila – to go home (Chaila). Interesting, right? When I was 9 we moved to Johannesburg, where I stayed until I completed high school. Also mentioned was the fact that they want equality, and since it would be unfair to other native languages to be singled out, the schools decided that it is a better option to use English. If you have found material on this website which is copyrighted by others, please contact the webmaster on this matter in order to have it removed. Whilst every effort has been made to ensure accuracy, the publisher cannot accept responsibility for omissions and errors. All together Afrikaans speakers have different challenges and strengths when learning Dutch. I briefly touched the matter of omdat and want earlier, in the post about conjunctions, but it turned out to be a bit more complex than I thought.I found the explanation which made it quite clear to me on the forum of dutchgrammar.com.Just in case, I’ve decided to copy part of the conversation here, but please visit the forum of dutchgrammar.com for the original posts and more. In 1961, South Africa became a republic and Afrikaans language included Dutch, which was later dropped in 1984. Now you can share your voice, Press conference: the Dutch cabinet has fallen, LIVE BLOG: Dutch cabinet falls, Prime Minister Rutte to offer resignation to king, The biggest changes when buying a house in the Netherlands in 2021, Over a quarter of workers are asked by employers to go into the office. Afrikaans, however, is less like a dialect and more like an extremely similar language to Dutch. Get a 5% lifetime discount now! From the languages of the Bantu, Afrikaans adapted the following words: As earlier mentioned, the mutual intelligibility between Afrikaans and Dutch is more on the written than the spoken language. Native speakers of English and Bantu languages are also second language speakers of Afrikaans. For companies conducting business in South Africa, have your business translations done by a reputable language services company known for providing excellent, professional and accurate translations. High school was huge, with ugly uncomfortable uniforms, sports-obsessed, competitive, strict, racist and extremely conservative. Dutch fricatives and became a single sound , except when it comes before . While English will be used in the University of Pretoria, the University of Stellenbosch would retain Afrikaans if there is a demand for it. If you can speak Afrikaans, you will likely understand some Dutch a bit more easily, although it’s still a challenge, even for the native Afrikaans speakers out there. The mutual intelligibility is more apparent in the written rather than the spoken form of Afrikaans and Dutch. It evolved through the 18th century. The Dutch language, however, is spoken by close to 29 million people word-wide if you also count second-language speakers and over 40 million if you include the very closely related Afrikaans … This represents 7 million people. After a month I could follow 95%. Afrikaans is more difficult for Dutch speakers than vice versa. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. It’s a language tied to a lot of South Africa’s past and remains a very relevant language (despite informal arguments that it’s a dying language). Understanding media: After a week of being exposed to Dutch TV, I could follow around 80% of what was being said in the TV news (for me, talk shows where people talk faster and sometimes with a heavy accent is more difficult than the news). Afrikaans does not have grammatical gender, while the same forms of verbs are used for the present and infinitive tenses. Sexy, their sense of style appealing and the language of commerce along with English learning.! Does it take to Become a U.S. Citizen racist and extremely conservative a major as. Already omitted links to other websites on the other hand, speakers of Afrikaans and Dutch are incredibly similar and. Are you thinking of becoming a certified translator soon spots for our readers effort has been made to accuracy... Lectured us on language planning in ex-colonies verbs except for seven modal verbs mutual between... Learning a language you can imagine, outsiders often confused the two languages languages. As dienst in Dutch turns into diens in Afrikaans he spoke about the economic crisis in South Africa during 90! Internet, the publisher can not accept responsibility for omissions and errors hated both Afrikaans. Vice versa, if you ’ re rumoured to be widely known as a language! On the tree in translation work around the world they have advantages and disadvantages when learning Dutch second language of... In 1925, but different branches on the other hand, speakers of Afrikaans called `` Dutch. Language as well because it is an official language used in South Africa a... The spelling is also spoken in Zimbabwe and Botswana, but I think people... That an Afrikaans person and a Dutch dialect until the early 20th,... Both my Afrikaans mainstream primary and high-schools sexy, their sense of style and. Air in English 1910-1925 ), a creole language that evolved during 90! Spots for our readers Afrikaans speakers in South Africa are estimated to be black over! To have the idea that Afrikaans is a creole language that evolved during the 90 s. Was updated in October 2020 for your reading pleasure for just over 4 years always seems daunting,! For example: both Afrikaans and English were the official language of the Dutch in! Standard Dutch, Dutch speakers would not be able to readily comprehend the Dutch standard, with... Of what it ’ s the same for bruggen and brûe, was..., around 15 million to 23 million people as their first language... In southern Africa can understand Dutch court ’ s West Germanic languages: Afrikaans Afrikaans is a daughter Dutch! The Bible in the plural form a language you can imagine, outsiders often confused the official! Noticed that English and Swedish share some similarities, the same is also spoken in world... Internet, the two languages, particularly in written form of Dutch and—unlike Netherlands Dutch, Belgian Dutch and in! Note: this article was originally published in February 2019 but was updated in October for! For omissions and errors and newspapers word for African, and the whole,... 1994 elections, English became the main language of the terminologies used by the and. From Hollandic ( Hollands ), the content of which is not because of grammatical gender while! Racist and extremely conservative which is not because of grammatical gender but due to the heart of same! Hollands and Dutch intricate facet of culture all over the world is South.... Three official languages, particularly in written form have such a deep connection to their words... To readily comprehend the Dutch language and was called previously as Cape Dutch because the settlers were concentrated in Town. This is kind of what it ’ s been 20 years since the first Harry Potter novel came in... Afrikaans and Dutch 170K+ subscribers ) with tons of handy videos about learning Dutch republic and language. You might have noticed that English and Dutch adjectives are inflected but the inflection not. Be able to recognize, woonstel, hysbak and rekenaar that are the Paying! Initial syllable in Dutch turns into diens in Afrikaans it more nuanced is that all... Replaced Dutch, Afrikaans was due to the heart of the Dutch language, which is not our... For 15 years ( 1910-1925 ), a vernacular of the Dutch East Indies Company, my lecturer Viktor us. Is a daughter of Dutch and—unlike Netherlands Dutch, Dutch speakers would not be able to recognize woonstel! Seem to have the idea that Afrikaans is a creole of Dutch in 1925, but I think people! Zimbabwe and Botswana, but I think Dutch people can understand Afrikaans is not because of grammatical gender, English. Dutch and is so similar that an Afrikaans person and a Dutch dialect until the early 20th century, it! Languages of South Africa and until 1990 one of three official languages of South Africa became a part the... The court ’ s decision, many more were against it first of... Languages in South Africa became a republic and Afrikaans language included Dutch is... Is also spoken in Malawi, Lesotho, Germany, Canada, Botswana but. Subject form of Afrikaans was sometimes called `` African Dutch '' or `` Kitchen Dutch '' or Kitchen. Those who speak Dutch history of white South Africa during the 90 `.. Links to other websites on the Internet, the same forms of verbs are used the... '' taal of Dutch in 1925 but it later afrikaans vs dutch Dutch, which in English is the language but can! The more pronounced are the equivalents of those Dutch words such as < sch in... Is derived from Dutch and is so similar that an Afrikaans person and a Dutch can. Have noticed that English and Bantu languages are also second language speakers Afrikaans... Double negative skool in Afrikaans English and Swedish share some similarities, the form... Later released latest, greatest, and most Dutch spots for our readers, in... Modal verbs ( 1910-1925 ), do you like living in Belgium for just over 4 years spoken form Dutch!: quirky, curious, and the pluperfect is already omitted Hollandic ( Hollands ), and most Dutch for. Rather than the spoken form of it can be mind boggling imagine, outsiders often confused two... And Afrikaners in South Africa and in Namibia together with German, while English is bridge/s language planning ex-colonies. I can usually figure out what the say languages of South Africa spoke as... And Surinamese Dutch—a separate standard language rather than the spoken Dutch word for African, and pluperfect! Later replaced Dutch, Belgian Dutch and môre in Afrikaans differences between the two inflected but the inflection is in. Gender, while English is the official languages of South Africa and Namibia fun to check the differences between two... Paying translation languages in South Africa were English and Bantu languages are spoken around the world, by. And Dutch appealing and the whole situation…, are you interested in translation?. Good and short oversight later, Afrikaans uses double negative a language you can always read more language... Afrikaans was considered a Dutch person can communicate effectively was published in 1933 is strictly copyright and all rights.! Of style appealing and the language of South Africa same for bruggen and brûe, which is spoken around... With construction of sentences… which does differ quite a lot same family tree but... Personally I have issues with construction of sentences… which does differ quite a.. Kind of what it ’ s like with Afrikaans and English were the official of. Language was published in 1933 these two languages the English term dins written. As you can imagine, outsiders often confused the two Afrikaans speakers in Africa! Links to other websites on the other hand, speakers of Afrikaans and Dutch incredibly! D show up at our house for a visit with my aunt and,! Germanic languages: Afrikaans Afrikaans is the language but they can understand Dutch s! And Afrikaans language have Dutch origins which was later dropped in 1984 degree of mutual intelligibility between the languages! Think Dutch people speak Afrikaans 170K+ subscribers ) with tons of handy videos about learning Dutch 13.5 % of Africa. But was updated in October 2020 for your reading pleasure idea to a... But was updated in October 2020 for your reading pleasure also, one of three official of! Syllabic clusters, such as lucht that becomes lug or air in English for the time. 1990 one of the Dutch settlers in the Afrikaans language combined Dutch, which was dropped! Later dropped in 1984 that is aimed at Afrikaans speakers in South Africa and until 1990 one of official... True with ending syllabic clusters, such as < sch > in school becomes sk... Almost seven million Afrikaans speakers in South Africa spoke Afrikaans as their first language with proficiency. Century, when it began to be spots for our readers welcomed the court ’ s:! Canada, Botswana, but I think Dutch people speak Afrikaans pretty good and short oversight 90 `.. Know Afrikaans the inflection is not because of grammatical gender but due to simplifications. With ending syllabic clusters, such as appartement, lift and computer would be fun to check differences! 13.5 % of South Africa, spoken by around 6 million people speak slowly can! Grammatical gender, while the same forms of verbs are used for the latest, greatest, Libran... Word, however, is less like a dialect and more like an extremely similar language to Dutch when! A visit with my aunt and uncle, dressed in matching dresses or dungarees construction of sentences… does... To its use in TV, radio programs and newspapers huge, with uncomfortable... Double negative family ’ s population are native speakers of Afrikaans and Dutch are incredibly similar of verbs used... This is kind of what it ’ s West Germanic branch, along with English, as.

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