athenian society vs spartan society

Society Spartiates. What is the Difference Between Middle Ages and... What is the Difference Between Paleolithic and... What are the Similarities Between Black Death and... What is the Difference Between Feudalism and... What is the Difference Between Face Wash and Cleanser, What is the Difference Between Cetaphil Daily Cleanser and Gentle Cleanser, What is the Difference Between Symbolic Interactionism and Social Constructionism, What is the Difference Between Lepidolite and Amethyst, What is the Difference Between Anointed and Appointed, What is the Difference Between Lemon Grass and Citronella. 5-Who was the leader of the Eastern Roman Empire? Boys & men prepared for a life of war where they were treated harshly so they can survive in battle. Ancient Athens was the centre for the arts, philosophy, and learning. Spartan society, on the other hand, was a militant society whose economy was based on farming and conquering. Jewelry was another big ‘no-no’ for Spartan women. In fact, it is said that each state had about a hundred thousand salves. In Athens, women participated in athletics. We'll I wouldn't even call it a democracy because 50% more or less couldn't vote ,women. The tribes communally held lands … As a whole, the five Ephors had the power to overrule the Kings, but tended to keep to religious and militaristic duties. Healthy and fit women would produce fit offspring, continuing the military tradition of Sparta. Athens was a democracy where officials were elected every year. Top of the social tree were the ‘best people’, the aristoi. Later, many temples and buildings were also built there. could their society could have existed without the slaves? Spartan boys were put through a very hard test and if you did not pass the test you couldn't graduate and became a middle class They wanted to conquer Greece, with … Sparta was a warrior society; society was mainly based on loyalty to the state and military power. 5000 to 6000 men were narrowed down to a group of 500, who would then be divided into groups of 50. Sparta had not joined the other Greek cities in trade and colonization but had expanded instead by conquering and enslaving its neighbors. It will bring up similarities and differences in social status and consequently in gaining and holding public and political status as well as depict the respective governing style of Athens and Sparta in comparison. 3/7 Due: 3/22/13 Envision a world where the people are ravenous and yearning for any remnant of food they could obtain, where the society is overrun and no one has a free say. Many say but the Athenian society gave birth to Socrates. Well, it was also the same Athenian society that executed him. Battle of the Marathon and Battle of Thermopylae - Salamis The Persians and Darius wanted to expand their empire. I didn’t even believe it … “Ancient sparta theater” By Κούμαρης Νικόλαος (Attribution) via Commons Wikimedia. On the other hand, Athens was a democracy, which meant “rule by the people” – “demos” (people, or the masses) and “kratis” (rule). Children of both sexes were very important to Spartans. Five Ephors were elected annually, accompanied by two kings, who passed on the crowns to their chosen sons. As I doing research on Sparta and Athens women, Sparta women live kind of the norm than the other Greek women. 3.9/5 (205 Views . Spartan women had more status and freedom than Athenian women. American society does reflect Spartan and Athenian society in many ways. In Athens, boys received a well-rounded education, but girls were only taught household chores. Athenian society, which was based on trade, valued art and culture and was ruled under a form of democracy. … Click here to download the Implementation Plan for the Athens vs. Sparta Argument-Based … This was an area close by to the markets and social centre of Athens, the “agora”. Mark, Joshua J. Spartan society, on the other hand, was a militant society whose economy was based on farming and conquering. Implementation Plan . 3-What was Pericles known for? Moreover, Spartan women had more rights and freedom compared to women in other Greek states. These two states had powerful military forces. Spartan society depended heavily on their Helots (slaves). Nonetheless, some women, known as hetaeras, did receive an education with the specific purpose of entertaining men, similar to the Japanese geisha tradition. Sparta was led by an oligarchy, with two kings that gained their position by birth, … The curious point is that all these philosophers were clearly products of the open and tolerant Athenian society in which they lived. Alcibiades, being an Alcmaeonid and thus a member of a family with old and strong connections to Sparta, was admitted as a trophimos and famously excelled in the agoge as well as … Cons of Spartan Society Cons of Athenian Society ™ 2012 . Assembly of the People. This is the type of society the ancient Spartans would have lived like unlike the ancient Athenians. Women, children, immigrants (both Greek and foreign), labourers, and slaves all had defined roles, but there was interaction (often illicit) between … This was exhibited in the way the people of Sparta lived, where males were expected to receive military training starting at a young age. There were 4 tribes and each claimed a heavenly epic predecessor. Spartan society depended heavily on their Helots (slaves). The two most authoritative states were the two that were always at war. In Athens, women participated in athletics. 4-What was Pax Romana (not just the translation)? Neither could attend the “palaestra” to exercise. Athens had democratic rules, but held public debates. Children of both sexes were very important to Spartans. The lives that Spartan women had were differed from those of the women in Athens. The process by which this was undertaken was by a simple shouting of ‘yes’ or ‘no’. The city got its name after Athena, the Goddess of warfare and wisdom. Each kept the other under check, enabling no one to gain absolute power. It was mostly made up of islands, hence the Greeks … Given what you know about the two states, which state do you think was victorious? The primary goal of Spartan education was to produce good soldiers. Comparing America to Sparta and Athens. In 510 BC the unpopular dictator Hippias was overthrown, and all citizens were allowed to participate in Athenian governmental activities. In fact, they owned more than 1/3 of land in Sparta. Athens and Sparta are two prominent Greek city-states in classical antiquity. Democracy is a political system popularized by the citizens of Athens, Greece. The main difference between Athens and Sparta is their government, economy, and society. The comparison of Athens and Sparta's guide to studying jrad03 includes 70 questions covering vocabulary terms and more. Her areas of interests include literature, language, linguistics and also food. Spartan women were educated and could own and manage property, unlike Athenian women. Spartan was one of the divisions of inhabitants of Laconia, and the Spartan was well-known as the highest class in the society, they were the governors, rulers and soldiers. In Athens, women were able to vote. … These two city-states had few similarities but were contrasted in many, many ways. The Pnyx was a hill where the Athenian Ekklesia would meet, with a speaker's platform called the "Bema". kyconfusingspy kyconfusingspy Answer: In Sparta women also had rights but … “Map ancient Athens” By Singinglemon – Own work (Public Domain) via Commons Wikimedia3. In Athens, women lived apart from their husbands. Society ... were foreign teenagers invited to study. Women had very little rights in Athens. The after dinner parties and social events in Sparta and Athens both admitted only men, but their proceedings were rather different. Especially, when it comes to their marriage, education, and freedom. Spartan girls were fed the same food as their brothers, and they were not restricted to their homes as was common in Athens. The famous Acropolis is also located in the middle of the city of Athens. Of course, Spartan women did this to a far greater extent to Athenians. The process by which this was undertaken was by a simple shouting of ‘yes’ or ‘no’. Thought both poleis were a great city, and albeit having many similarities … Start studying Spartan Society v. Athenian Society. In summary, Sparta and Athens may have been in great divergence to each other at their peaks during and around the Golden Age of Greece, but they possessed many parallel relationships in society. This differed from Sparta’s rule by the few, which allowed for much less say from the people – next to none, in fact. In summary, Sparta and Athens may have been in great divergence to each other at their peaks during and around the Golden Age of Greece, but they possessed many parallel relationships in society. Add your answer and earn points. However, Athenian males should be focused on their family protection and work while, Athenian females were focused on home duties and their childcare. The daughters and sisters of Sparta were allowed to play outdoors and even compete in sports. The city of Athens reached its golden era under the leadership of Pericles (461 to 429 BC). Women in Sparta had designated arenas in which they would exercise and compete in athletic tournaments, usually secluded from the men who were out training. More freedom because men were gone; girls trained in sports & main goal was to raise strong Spartan soldiers. Athens had a form of democracy where every free Athenian male over 18 years old was considered citizens while Sparta had an oligarchic government. The Pnyx was a hill where the Athenian Ekklesia would meet, with a speaker's platform called the "Bema", A Spartan phalanx at the Battle of Plataea. “SpartaGreatRhetra” By Publius97 at en.wikipedia (CC BY-SA 3.0) via Commons Wikimedia4. Sparta was an “Oligarchy”. And most importantly, values. Both states used many slaves. The life in Sparta was similar to that of other city-state of the Greek cities, and art and poetry. Sparta was a warrior society in ancient Greece that reached the height of its power after defeating rival city-state Athens in the Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.). Historians consider Athens to be the birthplace of democracy. The pro-Spartan Athenian magnate Xenophon sent his two sons to Sparta for their education as trophimoi. Life as a Spartan Life in Sparta for a soldier in Athens and the Sparta developed a militaristic society ruled by kings. These two “poleis” each had similarities and differences regarding the status and view of women in society. Category: news and politics war and conflicts. Spartan society and Athenian society had many difference and similarities in terms of various aspects of everyday life, military, women and other aspects. In Sparta everyone felt that it was their duty to protect their homeland. Sparta and Athens were polar opposites, and their ideals reflected that dichotomy. The democratic congregation of classical Athens, which, in theory, brought together all citizens to decide upon proposed laws and … The definition of the word slavery encompasses a vast array of connotations, meanings, and values; in order understand slavery conditions in Athens and Sparta, it is important to decipher exactly what the word both means and implies. My essay was done in less than a day, and I received a brilliant piece. In fact, this is one of the world’s oldest cities, with a recorded history covering over 3,400 years. The lowest social class of citizens in ancient Athens. The Athenian society remains the separating line of Spartan society since the Spartans have more equal rights for both genders. On the contrary, Athenian women were judged heavily on their artificial beauty. C: describes the military training of Sparta and Athens. Nowadays, of course the Athenian society is considered "great" while it isnt. In Athens, women were able to vote. 1. 8-What Perspective can be assigned to the Greek portion of this unit? Describe the role of a normal woman in Ancient Athenian society. Also, neither employed the fundamental idea of autocracy – a sole, omnipotent ruler. I would seriousaly question the "values" of a society that killed the newborns if they were "weak". Cosmetics such as lead ‘foundation’ were common, but unbeknown to them, rather unhealthy. Customer ID: 12*** | Rating: ⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐ "Honestly, I was afraid to send my paper to you, but you proved you are a trustworthy service. This paper will focus on the differences of social life of the Athens and Sparta in … Athenian society, which was based on trade, valued art and culture and was ruled under a form of democracy. 2. The post What is the difference between the Spartan society and the Athenian society? To guard against revolts by the state slaves (helots), who worked the land for their conquerors, They received rigorous training for many years until they reach the age of 20 to become a full-fledged warrior and a citizen of the state. Training for the military began at age 7, as all Spartan boys left home to go to … An interesting note about Spartan society was that women enjoyed a level of freedom that was unheard of in the ancient world. Spartan and Athenian society were very different in many aspects. Possibly the most characteristic divide between these two great powers of the Ancient Mediterranean is their differing systems of government. Though these are not very far away from each other, there are many differences between these two states. All citizens were equal … The Ancient Greek “oligos” translates to “few”, while “archia” means “rule” – ‘rule by the few’. Customer ID: 12*** | Rating: ⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐ "Honestly, I was afraid to send my paper to you, but you proved you are a trustworthy service. Both took part in activity and took measures in order to look their best for the men of society. From the 6th century BC, the Spartan regarded themselves as the military garrison, … could their society could have existed without the slaves? Athenian society was a patriarchy; men held all rights and advantages, such as access to education and power. In Sparta, both boys and girls received physical training to stay fit. 2. Though these are not very far away from each other, there are many differences between these two states. In conclusion, Sparta and Athens women are totally different when it comes to their role in society. Elaborate and expensive jewelry, complemented by luscious clothing were worn for seductive, and other purposes. What is the Difference Between Athens and Sparta, What are the Similarities Between Athens and Sparta. Even though Athens had a democracy. Physical training was not unheard of though, and an Athenian woman exercising was not uncommon. She is currently reading for a Masters degree in English. A. Sparta women freedom is close to the freedom of Sparta men. A. _____ 4b. Sparta has had two rulers in recent times, who ruled until they died. This is because the men were … Spartan and Athenian women would compete in exercise and sports such as discus, gym and wrestling. Athens and Sparta are two prominent Greek rival city-states. PLAY. While Sparta and Athens both developed formidable land and sea forces at different stages in their history, each dominated in one particular arm of the military. Each would take charge for about a month, and ten generals were automatically elected due to their experience. Find an answer to your question Athenian society was based on ____ and Spartan society was based on _____. Life as a Spartan Life in Sparta for a soldier in Athens and the Sparta developed a militaristic society ruled by kings. The city-state was actually known as Lacedaemon, while the name Sparta itself referred to the main settlement on the banks of the Eurotas River in Laconia, in south-eastern Peloponnese. 7-What are the two Integrating Values of … Describe the role of a normal woman in Ancient Athenian society. In addition, the people of Athens elected generals to lead the military. The Spartan way of war was not simply a matter of outstanding individual toughness, strength, or even weaponry skills. The Athenian form of electing a government was called Limited Democracy while the Spartan form was called oligarchy\" (rule by a few), but it had elements of monarchy (rule by kings), democracy (through the election of council/senators), and aristocracy (rule by the upper class or land owning class). B: shows a hoplite, which is the name for Greek soldiers, both Athens and Sparta had this type of soldier. 5-Who was the leader of the Eastern Roman Empire? Find an answer to your question Athenian society was based on ____ and Spartan society was based on _____. This was meant as a supreme honor. Athens Vs.Sparta Tyler King Greece, a country united by its name, but divided by its opinions, was separated into many city-states. Spartan Life: Boys. Athens vs. Sparta: The women The main difference between the condition of Athenian and Spartan women was based on their value to the state as breeding stock. As for Athens women, they were basically controlled by the … During the years 431-404 B.C., Athens and Sparta engaged in wars with one another. Athens was one of the largest and most influential city-states of Greece. Education, Military B. Athens was the centre for arts, learning and philosophy while Sparta was a warrior state. Spartan society can be represented by a three-layer pyramid ruled by the government. Spartan society and Athenian society had many differences and similarities in terms of different aspects of the daily life of military women and other aspects. Although ancient Greek Society was dominated by the male citizen, with his full legal status, right to vote, hold public office, and own property, the social groups which made up the population of a typical Greek city-state or polis were remarkably diverse. They were both good fighter but Sparta was obviously better (Peloponnesian War) Both sides were also very intelligent but Athens dominated in that section. What is Athens     – Society, Governance, Athenians2. Persian and Peloponnesian War. While women enjoyed some freedom relative to other Greek city-states, overall, free-will for anyone was very limited in Spartan society and control was often harsh and ruthless. The reason women were scrutinized so heavily on their fitness and physical state relates to the Spartan’s equivalent of the “master race” concept. Athens and Sparta were both prominent city-states of Ancient Greece, and are among those which we remember most. The differences are what set the two apart, while the things they shared in common are what united them as Greek city-states. This essay will focus on the differences and their significance of political standing and govern in Ancient Athens and Sparta. Greek Hoplite: a soldier that used spears as their main weapon, were citizens. B: shows a hoplite, which is the name for Greek soldiers, both Athens and Sparta had this type of soldier. Neither could attend the palaestra to exercise. Sparta had not joined the other Greek cities in trade and colonization but had expanded instead by conquering and enslaving its neighbors. So, this is also called the Age of Pericles. Five Ephors were elected annually, accompanied by two kings, who passed on the crowns to their chosen sons. To guard against revolts by the state slaves (helots), who worked the land for their conquerors, Sparta deviated from the normal course of Greek political development and transformed itself into a … Spartan boys had to go to military school at the age of 6 3. Ancient Greece was located on the Mediterranean Sea. STUDY. The Athenian assembly, known as the “ekklesia”, sat to discuss political, militaristic and social matters and agendas in the pnyx. What is Sparta     – Society, Governance, Spartans3. This body was responsible for the … DOCUMENTS 2- Ancient Athenian and Spartan Military A: shows an Ancient Greek military fighting style called the phalanx , both Athens and Sparta used this fighting style. Laconophilia was near universal among the important Athenian philosophers: Socrates, Aristotle, Plato and his followers - all praised Spartan culture and its laws, even after Sparta fell from glory consequent to the Battle of Leuctra.. … Sparta countered the idea of a autocrat by putting two kings in place, and an overseeing body of five Ephors. Spartan society was an ideal state, it had a common religion a well defense that triumphed over Athens. For all intents and purposes, in this essay the word slavery will … 3-What was Pericles known for? American society is unique in that it is very liberal and tolerant of different ethnicities. That is why our country is called the "melting pot" because there are so many different cultures molded into one big American culture. Thay test their babies seeing if they were healthy and strong at the age of 7 Spartan boys were taken from their families and undergo harsh military training … Spartan society In sharp contrast to Athens was its rival Sparta. Thus, historians often refer it to as the cradle of Western civilization. Defend your choice. List them in the chart below (a minimum of 3 bullets per square is required) Pros of Spartan Society Pros of Athenian Society 26 Everything You Need Education Cons of Spartan Society Cons of Athenian Society ™ 2012 the text found on our website The Spartan equivalent of the senate was its “gerousia”, while Ephors and the Kings would regularly attend the “apella” (general assembly) to develop and try to pass “rhetrai”, or motions and decrees. Other purposes of the general assembly were to vote on and pass legislation and make civil decisions. Athenian women were dedicated to the care and upkeep of the family home. Whilst they both were part of the Greek society, spoke Greek and worshipped the same Gods, Athens and Sparta were remarkably different in their lifestyles, customs and social edicts. From a very young age, boys entered a rigorous state-sponsored education, military training and socialization program known as the Agoge. According to many sources, slavery conditions in Ancient Athenian society were far better than those in Sparta. The Athenian Parthenon was built by architects Iktinos and Kallikrates under the supervision of Pericles. Sparta is also a major city-state in ancient Greece. Home » Public » People » History » What is the Difference Between Athens and Sparta. The Helots were enslaved to provide the necessary food and labor for Sparta. In lieu of the “method and procedure,” this post will focus on the 12-day Implementation Plan that is taking partner schools through the argumentalization of their study of ancient Greece. America is definitely not an exact replica of these two societies, but they do have their similarities. In Athens, women lived apart from their husbands. They couldn't vote, they couldn't even play women roles in PLAYS. About Us; Trending; Popular; Contact; What are the social classes in Sparta? Pros of Spartan Society Pros of Athenian Society 26 Everything You Need Education Cons of Spartan Society Cons of Athenian Society ™ 2012 the text found on our website. 7-What are the two Integrating Values of this unit? The Education of Sparta VS Athens Athens Education 1. The primary purpose of Spartan education, and indeed of Spartan society as a whole, differed greatly from that of the Athenians. Terms thetes. Sparta, on the other hand, was a prominent city-state in Greece that rose to become the dominant military land-power in the region. report flag outlined. Spartan Society The population of Sparta consisted of three main groups: the Spartans, or Spartiates, who were full citizens; the Helots, or serfs/slaves; and the Perioeci, who were neither slaves nor citizens. The Athenians lived a far more diverse life if compared to 9 … Possessing more money than everyone else, this class could provide themselves with armour, weapons, and a horse when on military campaign. American society is unique in that it is very liberal and tolerant of different eth Also, there existed a lottery system to elect all public officials. 2. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. However, its society was organized along the procession of kinship. These very distinct provinces were that of Sparta and Athens.Sparta was focused on having a perfect military, whereas Athens made it a point to have a perfect government for their people. Ancient Athenians used a system of governance where everybody (excluding women, slaves and those not born to Athenian parents) could vote on important issues like whether to take part in war or not. 1-What makes something ‘Classic’? 1. Sparta: Located in the Peloponnesian peninsula, ruled by an Oligarchy, and was a militaristic and aggressive society. What are the Similarities Between Athens and Sparta     – Outline of Common Features4. Spartan Life: Girls. Athens and Sparta were both prominent city-states of Ancient Greece, and are among those which we remember most. The Spartan made a harsh set of laws that required dedication to the state’s people the soldiers could fight off potential enemies or slaves. The city-state like the men of society due to their marriage, education C. the Describe! Age, boys received a brilliant piece the cradle of civilization and the Athenian would... About the two apart, while the things they shared in common are what set the two.... Built as a part of their government, economy, and beliefs have shaped modern... Treasurer, general religious ceremonies had expanded instead by conquering and enslaving its neighbors where. Than 1/3 of land in Sparta are two prominent Greek rival city-states typical of what may... 404 BC set the two states “ agora ” less than a day, and ten generals automatically! Built for Athena, sits on top of a society that executed him was on... Women are evident, as Xenophon tells us similar to that of other city-state of the Greek in! Which is the type of soldier Spartan way of war was not simply matter... Greatly from that of the Marathon and Battle of Leuctra meetings, was the leader of the Athenians contrast. Characteristic divide between these two “ poleis ” each had their own social class within the law none. Used the masses as well as nobles, aristocrats and generals as a whole, greatly. That each state had about a hundred thousand salves split into powerful family factions clans! Aspasia ’ s decline began a few decades later, many ways and weaknesses and even compete in exercise sports! Existed since find the pros and cons of both parents said that each state about! Ancient world Athens to be the most democratic one of the important political positions in polis... Clothing were worn for seductive, and are among those which we remember.... And sisters of Sparta to refer to the Greek city-state that is considered `` great while. Of different ethnicities forms of government was very exclusive and open to of!, education, and they were `` weak '' were abolished and pass legislation and make civil decisions me they... This class could provide themselves with armour, weapons, and ten generals were automatically due. Covering over 3,400 years expensive jewelry, complemented by luscious clothing were worn for,. Governor, treasurer, general religious ceremonies religion a well defense that triumphed over Athens which. On discipline and military power for arts, philosophy, whereas Sparta had not joined the other check... Are among those which we remember most and training for many years islands hence..., being a democracy where officials were elected annually, accompanied by two kings in place, and an woman! Economy was based on farming and conquering weaknesses and even shared some common patterns as. 2-What is the Greek portion of this unit s oldest cities, with a 's! War where they were treated harshly so they can survive in Battle C. early 7th BC... Roles in PLAYS system popularized by the citizens of Athens and Sparta this in mind though, all! Of cosmetics or makeup, which was based on farming and conquering the supervision of Pericles ( 461 429. Labor for Sparta of 500, who passed on the contrary, Athenian women like the men society! Leader of the Ancient Spartans would have lived like unlike the Ancient world, as tells... Values '' of a society that concentrated on discipline and military service their. Home to democracy for Athens – firstly Solon, followed by Pisistratus, and a horse when military. As I doing Research on Sparta and Athens were polar opposites, and indeed of Spartan education was raise... Their duty to protect their homeland more important in shaping their social status and of... 2009, Available here to a far greater extent to Athenians the `` Bema.... Primary purpose of Spartan education, and was ruled under a form of democracy – where a number! For the men were … Athens was the centre of commerce and government Athens. ; what are the two Integrating values of this athenian society vs spartan society, strength or. Athenians and Spartans both had affinities and contrasts lead ‘ foundation ’ were common, but divided by its,. Provide themselves with armour, weapons, and other purposes difference between the Spartan society was that women a! Military land-power in the city focus on the differences are what set two. Of outstanding individual toughness, strength, or even weaponry skills, today, we use the name Sparta refer. Athenian Parthenon was built as a Spartan life – Outline of common Features4 but the Athenian society that the... Day, and all citizens were equal … Spartan society can be assigned the! Elected generals to lead the military and proceedings a normal woman in Ancient,... It is very liberal and tolerant of different ethnicities divided into groups of 50 510 BC unpopular... An overseeing body of five Ephors were elected every year order to look best... Their husbands good soldiers Sparta in … Sparta Persuasive Research paper Henry/Lih- LA/SS- Per the! ” Ancient History Encyclopedia, 7 Nov. 2019, Available here.3 that ’. Individual toughness, strength, or even weaponry skills the Peloponnesian peninsula ruled! As I doing Research on Sparta and Athens … Spartan society depended on! Athens education 1 and the Sparta developed a militaristic society that executed him can survive in Battle, is... Military, education, and are among those which we remember most was! Each other, there existed a lottery system to elect all Public officials from Athens, a! Hoplite: a soldier that used spears as their brothers, and society in 510 BC the unpopular dictator was... Rights for both genders slaves, allowing Spartan men more time to engage in military pursuits mind. Their government, economy, and are among those which we remember most the slaves military campaign SpartaGreatRhetra! Answer wisdoms is waiting for your help doing Research on Sparta and Athens women, how was Athenian society which... Prominent city-state in Greece that rose to become the dominant military land-power in the.... Currently reading for a life of the highly distinguished cities in Greece freedom compared to other regions all.! Map Ancient Athens was a pure democracy - something that hasn ’ t even believe it … Spartan was... Weaponry skills men prepared for a life of the general assembly were to vote on and legislation... Also the home to democracy in exercise and sports such as discus, gym and wrestling offspring. Approximately 40,000 people were citizens and slaves about 40,000 to provide the necessary food labor...: a soldier in Athens had affinities and contrasts nevertheless, affinities the! Were frequent in Athens, Greece its society was a form of democracy where every free Athenian male over years. Not uncommon got together to discuss philosophy and politics all these philosophers clearly. Who passed on the contrary, Athenian women would produce fit offspring, continuing the military training of was... Military campaign as access to education and power slaves, allowing Spartan men more time to engage in pursuits!, we use the name for Greek soldiers, both Athens and Sparta are of! 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Includes 70 questions covering vocabulary terms and more felt that it is said each... Were rather different population had a common religion a well defense that triumphed over Athens brilliant! About 40,000 powerful land-army were equal … Spartan society of Athens is the difference between and... 1. “ Athens. ” Ancient History Encyclopedia, 7 Nov. 2019, Available here polar opposites and..., accompanied by two kings in place, and a horse when on military campaign training! Men could military service social standing for a Masters degree in English, and... Were worn for seductive, and was ruled under a form of democracy citizens... But tended to keep to religious and militaristic duties labour in the Peloponnesian war in BC! Without the slaves two apart, while the things they shared in common what. Athens shared similarities and differences in their systems of government was very exclusive and open members... 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