what was traded on the tea horse road

[11][12], The route earned the name Tea-Horse Road because of the common trade of Tibetan ponies for Chinese tea, a practice dating back at least to the Song dynasty, when the sturdy horses were important for China to fight warring nomads in the north. The stone pagoda of Shita Temple (1169 AD) on the route from Chengdu to Ya'an. Meanwhile, the road also promoted exchanges in culture, religion and ethnic migration, This route gave birth to what we now call Puerh. From around a thousand years ago, the Tea Horse Road was a trade link from Yunnan to Bengal via Myanmar; to Tibet; and to Central China via Sichuan Province. A 'tea-for-horse' trade was thus established, under which transporting tea to Tibet was an important government policy. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. ZHANG YUN "(The) Buddhist monk, seeing what was going on and seeing, regardless of his good intentions, it wasn't going to work, left the main contingent taking me with him high into the mountains basically retracing the steps of the ancient Chamadao, the Tea Horse Trail or Tea Horse Road. Sichuan and Yunnan are believed to be the first tea-producing regions in the world. Kangding was the place where traders from the West needed to change their means of transportation or where they just traded with local people. The custom of drinking tea, however, had not yet developed widely in Chin… Mekong valley near Chamdo, where the river is crossed by the Tea-Horse-Route, Nathu La pass on the way from Lhasa to Calcutta. For thousands of years, numerous caravans had been quietly traveling along it.The ancient Tea Horse Road was a trade route mainly through Yunnan, Sichuan and Tibet. In addition to the Silk Road, another, smaller path, containing a caravan network, called the Tea Horse Road also became important in facilitating the tea trade in China and Tibet. Transportation was very difficult in the southwest because there were lots of high and precipitous mountains, climbable only by narrow zigzagging roads, and rapid rivers to cross. See our Yunnan Tours for ways of seeing the ruins of this ancient business route. The ancient Tea Horse Road, which dates back to the 17th century, was a network of ancient trade routes that came into being after the Silk Road. At that time, the biggest trading transfer station was Kangding in Sichuan. The Tea Horse Road was the route through Yunnan that brought tea to the rest of China and to the West. & Referral Program. The Tea Horse Road originated from Chamahushi (茶马互市/Tea Horse Market) which was the traditional ‘tea-for-horse' or ‘horse-for-tea' trade between the Han and Tibetans. The first record of tea cultivation in the world suggested that tea was cultivated on Sichuan's Mount Mengding (蒙顶山) between Chengdu and Ya'an earlier than 65 BC. The Tea and Horse Caravan Road of Southwest China, aka the " Silk Road of Southwest China" – but called Chamagudao in Chinese (cha-ma-gu-dao = Tea-Horse-Ancient-Road) – is an old trade route that stretched east to west and south to north across southwest China, including present-day Tibet (Tibet Autonomous Region), and down into Nepal and India (see the stylized map … Once the highway started handling the trade, it would not be long before the Tea Horse Road was forgotten. Salts, The historical site of Ganxipo Posthouse on the route in Tianquan, Sichuan. The official tea warehouse of Tea Horse Bureau (Qing Dynasty) on the route in Tianquan, Sichuan. The Tea Horse Road traces its roots back to the Tang Dynasty. It is believed that it was through this trading network that tea (typically tea bricks) first spread across China and Asia from its origins in Pu'er county, near Simao Prefecture in Yunnan. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Tea Horse Road: China's Ancient Trade Road to Tibet by Michael Freeman, Selina Ahmed (Paperback, 2015) at the best online prices at eBay! In ancient times, people in Sichuan and Yunnan provinces exchanged tea for horses or medicines with people in Tibet. The Tea and Horse Road was an extensive network of routes connecting the important tea-growing regions in Yunnan and Sichuan with the Tibetan highlands. It is also sometimes referred to as the Southern Silk Road or Southwest Silk Road, and it is part of a complex routes system connecting China and South Asia. China Highlights tailor-makes China tours to help travelers discover China It began from Simao (a major tea-producing area) and led to Lhasa, crossing Pu'er in Xishuangbanna, Dali, Lijiang, and Shangri-La, and continuing to Nepal, Burma, and India. We're a passionate team of one hundred avid travelers who love to share our knowledge Extend a Chengdu tour to Kangding. The Sichuan–Tibet Tea Horse Road stretched from Ya'an in Sichuan to Lhasa via Luding, Kangding, Batang, and Chamdo in Tibet, and extended to Nepal, Burma, and India. The trade road at the time was called Yak Road, the original ancient Tea-Horse Road. It is also sometimes referred to as the Southern Silk Road and Ancient Tea and Horse Road. The Tea Horse Road linked Sichuan, Yunnan, and Tibet, stretched across Bhutan, Sikkim, Nepal, and India, and then reached the Middle East, and even the Red Sea coast of Egypt. Tea eventually gained prestige and status, sometimes being given as elaborate gifts to royalty and nobility. The ancient Tea Horse Road, which dates back to the 17th century, was a network of ancient trade routes that came into being after the Silk Road. Each station along the road could represent the end or the start of a business. The ancient commercial passage, dubbed the "Ancient Tea-Horse Road", first appeared during the Tang Dynasty (618-907), and lasted until the 1960s when Tibetan highways were constructed. Trade in tea, horses, medicines and other goods were transported by caravans (mabang马帮), and thus the network of trails was called the Tea Horse Road. The Tea and Horse Caravan Road of Southwest China, aka the " Silk Roadof Southwest China" – but called Chamagudao in Chinese (cha-ma-gu-dao = Tea-Horse-Ancient-Road) – is an old trade route that stretched east to west and south to north across southwest China, including present-day Tibet (Tibet Autonomous Region), and down into Nepal and India (see the stylized map below). China needed war horses to protect its northern frontier and Tibet could supply them. Mount Mengding is the place where tea was first cultivated with written records (65 BC). The Ancient Tea Horse Road has been deserted for decades. The Tea Horse Road originated from 'tea-horse trade markets'(茶马互市), the traditional 'tea-for-horse' trade between Han and Tibetan people. In the Tang and Song (960–1279) dynasties, the Qinghai–Tibet Highway became a major alternative for transporting tea to Tibet from Sichuan and other more eastern areas, taking the less-steep long way round through Chengdu, Xi’an (then Chang’an) and the Silk Road. Tea Horse was founded by Denise Atkinson and Marc H. Bohémier and is a Certified Aboriginal Business with the Canadian Council for Aboriginal Business. New Year, What the Chinese Eat for Breakfast - 10 Popular Food, Loyalty Accessing some of the most remote communities in all of Asia, it was at once a trade route, migration route and strategic military route that linked and provided. Apart from tea, salt was one of the most vital items traded along the route. The Ancient Tea Horse Road winds through China's vast western area, in which diverse tourist attractions are found including a wide variety of wildlife, amazing scenery, colorful ethnic culture, splendid imperial monuments, and sites of religious practices. From the 6th century to the 20th century, people in Sichuan and Yunnan provinces traveled by foot and horseback with pack horses to exchange tea for horses with people in Tibet - and thus the pathway was called the Tea Horse Road. Markham County in the very east of Tibet. The Tea Horse Road (Cha Ma Dao) was a network of mule caravan paths winding through the mountains of Yunnan, Sichuan and Tibet in Southwest China. Tea was exchanged for everything from ponies to jewels, dried herbs, and spices. One of the longest and most dramatic trade routes of the ancient world, the Tea Horse Road carried a crucial exchange for 13 centuries between China and Tibet. During the Ming dynasty (1368A.D-1644A.D), the Tea-horse Trade Route via Kham officially formed, even though this trading route had existed since the early time of Song dynasty. Free delivery for many products! The road also crosses numerous rivers, making it one of the most dangerous of the ancient trade routes. Guide, China Top Our focus is on health and wellness and the restorative properties contained in tea, herbal infusions and wild craft foods like wild rice, North America’s original “superfood”. The network once ferried horses and silver from Tibet to China in exchange for tea, but people also traded salt for tea, ivory for gold, and religious instruction for food and shelter. Accompanying Michael Freeman's spectacular photographers is text drawing on first-hand experiences, primary research and This is the first comprehensive visual documentation of the Tea Horse Road that takes the audience on a journey from the birthplace of the tea plant along the oldest trade route of tea in the world. LUX * Tea Horse Road takes you on a wildly unique journey from Pu’er to Dali, Lijiang, Shangri-La and all the way to Benzilan—one of the last stops. [13], In the 21st century, the legacy of the Tea-Horse Road has been used to promote a railway that will connect Chengdu to Lhasa. The Ancient Tea Horse Road is one of the highest and most precipitous ancient roads in the world, which has carried and spread civilization and culture for centuries. Chinese tea was first produced in Sichuan Province. Few people in ancient times could finish the whole journey. and human porters to transport the trade commodities. Through Kangding, domestic commodities, such as silk and tea, were sold to the West and, in return, goods from Southern Asia, Europe, and America flowed to inland areas of China. The Tea Horse Road starts in the tea producing regions of Xishuangbanna in Yunnan and winds its way north through Dali, Lijiang, Yangjing and Litang in Sichuan, before eventually ending in Lhasa.Sometimes the tea … answer question and add new meaning to the horses yes I believe there was trade for tea, horses and silk that went all the way to Constantinople now called Istanbul. ZHANG YUN "(The) Buddhist monk, seeing what was going on and seeing, regardless of his good intentions, it wasn't going to work, left the main contingent taking me with him high into the mountains basically retracing the steps of the ancient Chamadao, the Tea Horse Trail or Tea Horse Road. For thousands of years the Tea Horse Road was the most significant corridor connecting the ancient civilizations of Yunnan and Sichuan in Southwest China with Tibet and finally India. The Tea and Horse Caravan Road as a corridor of ancient civilizations. Standing on the road, you can still clearly see the 70 cm-deep ruts in stone slabs caused by the stamping of horses' hooves over the centuries. During the Ming Dynasty (1368–1644), the Sichuan–Tibet Tea Horse Road was officially recognized, and this helped the commercial towns and cities along the road to expand, and promoted commerce between inland areas and Tibet. Once the highway started handling the trade, it would not be long before the Tea Horse Road was forgotten. This road is very treacherous with narrow roads that snake along the side of mountains that easily washed out and were barely wide enough for a horse or human on foot. Ya'an has been an important hub of tea trading till the 20th century. The rise of the tea-horse trade boosted the local economy and enriched the culture of western China, while at the same time promoting development of the road. With the rapid development of modern roads in the late 20th century, the ancient pathways have been superseded by the Sichuan–Tibet Highway and other Tibetan roads. By making this important military road a Tea-Horse Trade route, the exchange of tea and fabric for horses stimulated tea planting and expedited the development of the Tea-Horse Trade. of China with those looking for a more authentic travel experience. Final Technical Report on the results of the UNESCO/Korean Funds-in-Trust Project: Support for the Preparation for the World Heritage Serial Nomination of the Silk Roads in South Asia, 2013–2016. Find the perfect tea horse road and china stock photo. The ancient tea horse road brought puerh tea from Yunnan to the rest of the Asian world. The roads created by traders connected communities in neighboring valleys and villages, and became the communication links for southwest China. China Area Ancient trade routes have always whispered an invitation to me, conjuring the tempting fragrance of danger, the sweat of pack horses, and the delights of exotic spices, silks and tea. Traveling along the Ancient Tea Horse Road is returning to nature, a trip for harmony between humanity and the environment, a trip of spiritual refreshment for urban people, and a trip of adventure and discovery. Abstract: The Tea Horse Road (chamagudao 茶马古道) was a trade route mainly through Yunnan, Sichuan and Tibet, that stretched across Bhutan and Sikkim, Nepal and India, and then reached Western Asia. Thus they were not sheer monasteries but had more important roles to play apart from performing religious activities. Authorities claim it will bring great benefit to the people's welfare.[14]. The trade relied heavily on horses, mules. ), which was often more than their own body weight in tea. Years ago, tea growers and horse traders met in markets along Yunnan’s Tea-Horse Road, an old trade route also called the South Silk Road, between … LUX * BENZILAN. The Ancient Tea Horse Road began in the Tang Dynasty (618-907), flourished during the Ming and Qing Dynasties(1368-1912) and reached its prime time in the middle and late periods of World War II. 11 From here the route continued southwest along the Qingyi 青衣 River to Ya'an 雅安, once an important center for tea trade with connections through the Tibetan Plateau, linking up with the "Tea and Horse Trade" routes to Tibet, an important offshoot of the Southwestern Silk Road. It is one of the most heart-quaking roads on this planet. This route would appear to have been in use long before it became an avenue for the tea and horse trade during the Tang and the Song dynasties, for it was a very important corridor connecting the ancient cultures of the areas of present Tibet, Yunnan and Sichuan. Attractions, China Government efforts to control the horse-tea trade with those who ruled the areas north of the Tarim Basin (in the Xinjiang of today) continued down into the sixteenth century, when it was disrupted by political disorders. The Yunnan–Tibet Tea Horse Road was similarly formed in the late 6th century. The Ancient Tea Horse Road rivaled the Silk Road trade routes for importance, and as the longest ancient trade road in the world, at more than 10,000 kilometers in length, but was certainly toughest to travel. Tea Horse Routes from Pu’er, Yunan and Ya’an, Sichuan to Lhasa, Tibet. For travelers, however, it was a dangerous and risky journey. The Tea Horse Road or chamadao (simplified Chinese: 茶马道; traditional Chinese: 茶馬道), now generally referred to as the Ancient Tea Horse Road or chamagudao (simplified Chinese: 茶马古道; traditional Chinese: 茶馬古道) was a network of caravan paths winding through the mountains of Sichuan, Yunnan and Tibet in Southwest China. Fuchs was the first documented westerner to have travelled the legendary Tea Horse Road, the nomadic Route of Salt ‘Tsa-Lam’, and the ‘Hor-Lam’, the Route of Pashmina through Ladakh. History, Chinese Even after the Silk Road fell out of use … And it seems they have numerous stories to tell. LINKING TIBET WITH THE HINTERLAND. In 1696, the Emperor Kangxi of the Qing Dynasty approved of the 'tea-for-horse' trade in Kangding, which made the place become a major commercial center between inland areas and Tibet. There are numerous surviving archaeological and monumental elements, including trails, bridges, way stations, market towns, palaces, staging posts, shrines and temples along the route. The road is far older than its name suggests; it became known for its tea and horse trade during the Tang and Song Dynasties, more than a 1000 years ago. The best known example to illustrate the importance of the horse in the history of Inner Asia is the Mongol Empire. And so, the recent arrival of the second LUX* Resorts hotel on China's Tea Horse Road allowed me to fulfil a dream by way of Shangri-La. The Tea Horse Road traces its roots back to the Tang Dynasty. Or contact us with your ideas for how you want to explore the Ancient Tea Horse Road. Sichuan to Lhasa, Tibet a well-preserved ancient town, known as an important government policy this... Traded with local people the Sichuan–Tibet Road was created by humans with their hooves and Yunnan believed. 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