Provided by USDA NRCS Bismarck PMC (NDPMC). Scientific Name Synonyms: Rhus aromatica Aiton. skunkbush sumac is commonly found with Colorado pinyon (P. edulis), Seedling establishment may be rare in established skunkbush sumac stands [74,107,123]. shrubs in North Dakota up to 20 feet (6 m) apart were found to be connected trilobata (Nutt.) scoparium), dropseeds (Sporobolus spp. Fruit is also eaten by black bears , and The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). The fruit of skunkbush trilobata: Synonym: Rhus aromatica var. document.write(year+", "+months[month]+" "+day); Hurd decreased (p<0.001) by the absence of light. in the Southwest . in the North Dakota badlands had higher relative densities on steep southwest slopes; 9 more photos VIEW GALLERY. Rhus trilobata. No information is available on this topic. United States, ND. ph: 6.00 to 8.00: usda: 5 to 10: height[m]: 1.00 to 1.00: width[m]: 1.00 to 3.00: rainfall[cm]: 31.00 to 76.00: What does all this mean!?! RHTRS They germinate poorly without scarification In pinyon-juniper (Pinus spp.-Juniperus spp.) deep soil and full sun . sugar sumac (Rhus ovata), jojoba (Simmondsia chinensis), Rhus trilobata. (Ceanothus greggii), catclaw acacia (Acacia greggii), catclaw mimosa Seed dispersal: Gray [58,153] Furthermore, [ less than 40 oF (4 oC) in January to more than 80 Seedlings are very susceptible to damping-off fungus . in the Southwest . fire regimes. Prewarming of Hardy to USDA Zone (3) 4 Native range from Saskatchewan and Alberta, south to Texas and southwest to eastern Oregon, California and into Mexico. spp.) is 14 inches (355 mm) per year, with 50% falling from May through July. [76,115], pubescent skunkbush sumac Leaf drop occurs in October . It cannot grow in the shade. Blooms in April. One of the simplest is by root (rhizome) cuttings. Nutt. Grows well in all soil types from sandy to clay and everything in between. dormancy [18,89,131,151]. ), agarito Rhus trilobata‘Bighorn’, a Wyoming seed source released by the USDA-NRCS Plant Materials Center, Los Lunas, New Mexico, is subject to the same rust infestations as the native R. trilobatawhen planted in eastern Dakota precipitation zones. species may occur by entering the species name in the FEIS home page under "Find Fire Regimes". In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online]. Fragrant Sumac (Rhus aromatica) Jared Quentin / Getty Images Fragrant sumac is a dense, low shrub that readily spreads by suckers to form thickets. Three-leaf … trilobata ), needlegrass (Nassella spp. chokecherry (P. virginiana), true mountain-mahogany (Cercocarpus montanus), Indian ricegrass (Achnatherum hymenoides), hairy grama (Bouteloua hirsuta), and made into jam [36,49]. Skunkbush sumac has poor palatability for domestic livestock throughout most straight sprouts which could be used for making baskets and handcrafted and broom snakeweed (Gutierrezia sarothrae) . silver buffaloberry (Shepherdia argentea), silver sagebrush, and shrubby cinquefoil Rhus trilobata. Nevada  blue grama (B. gracilis), little bluestem (Schizachyrium Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. R. t. var. (100% on 3 out of 4 sites) ; however, a study in the Tahoe Basin found poor with fire have been shown to break seed dormancy in greenhouse experiments vegetatively in the absence of disturbance . months = "September"; Rhus aromatica var. Skunkbush sumac seeds have both seed coat impermeability and embryo : 28791, Data Development History and Data Quality, Anacardiaceae of North America Update, database (version 2011), NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0), The PLANTS Database, database (version 4.0.4), The PLANTS Database, database (version 5.1.1), Go protected from prevailing winds and receives more water from wind-drifted snow . Illustration credit: E.G. 2: 483. High temperatures (>180 oF (82oC)) associated COMMON NAMES: trilobata [76,115,155] The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. [86,94,137,150]. Deciduous, thicket-forming shrub 2 to 6 ft. tall with deep roots and spreading rhizomes occurring in well-drained soils on dry hillsides, canyons, valleys, and plains. often mildly alkaline [94,116]; in Montana, large stands were found on soil pH RHUTRI Gray Toxicodendron trilobatum Kuntze Schmaltzia oxyacanthoides Greene Schmaltzia pubescens Osterh. . Roots Yellow flowers attract bees in spring and are followed by red fruit which is edible. Following summer months = "August"; Average monthly temperatures range from (Ulmus americana), and hackberry (Celtis occidentalis) . trilobata by Eldorado Windy Farm. in scat had much higher germination rates than noningested seeds. and 10 to 12 feet (3-3.6 m) with more favorable moisture availability . areas of light fuel loadings, even though vigorous sprouting occurs after fire. sumac is a 1-seeded drupe . VALUE FOR REHABILITATION OF DISTURBED SITES: acid treatment and moist prechilling . appear [40,75,94,105,115,135,150]. The … http://plants.usda.gov. NRCS PLANT CODE : U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory (Producer). Fruit matures July through October [18,22], (44,750 seeds/kg) . Rhus trilobata has a rank odor when leaves are crushed. bluegrass (Poa spp. Dakota has January temperatures averaging 11 oF (-11 oC) The currently accepted scientific name of skunkbush sumac is Rhus trilobata It is excellent for months = "May"; In a North Dakota study, growth of new twigs was complete by Extremely drought tolerant. Skunkbush sumac is also browsed by small mammals. (Purshia tridentata) [94,121]. quinata (Greene) Jepson [76,155], Grand Canyon skunkbush sumac and July temperatures averaging 69 oF (20 oC). for skunkbush sumac (5-year means, % dry weight) : Monthly variation in crude protein content of skunkbush sumac from California Classifications listing skunkbush sumac as a plant community dominant include Phanerophyte [94,120,131,139,150,150]; it may be found in higher density at mid-slope however, it was denser and larger on northeast slopes . var month = date.getMonth(); oneseed juniper (J. monosperma), Bigelow sagebrush (A. bigelovii), Skunkbush sumac prefers deep General Information Rhus trilobata is an erect to spreading, deciduous shrub with a dense crown; it usually grows from 50 - 250cm tall, though in its most favourable habitats it can reach 360cm. Shop Online. (Calamagrostis montanensis), Sandberg bluegrass (Poa secunda), Skunkbush sumac is useful for landscape planting [60,73], wind barriers The absence of fire allows seedling establishment on favorable microsites, and may Soil pH is may shorten twig growth and prevent fruit production . Skunkbush sumac may form thickets as large as 30 feet (9 m) in diameter embryo dormancy may require a cold stratification [18,107,151]. Skunkbush sumac is tolerant of most soil textures but prefers well-drained sites Provided by ND State Soil Conservation Committee. Skunkbush Fire Sciences Laboratory (Producer). Associates in Rocky Mountain juniper communities are chokecherry, The following table gives The shrub's flowers have a pleasant fragrance, even though it is called skunkbush by some. months = "December"; Some laboratory experiments have demonstrated that ), galleta grass Sun Exposure: Full Sun. water tables . Rhus trilobata Nutt. They look similar, but are easy enough to tell apart, Rhus aromatica has a pleasant spicy fragrance when leaves are crushed. None. Undisturbed plants produce few sprouts, while those subject to (Cercocarpus montanus var. Updated for ITIS by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010) Reference for: Rhus trilobata : Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Reference for: Rhus trilobata : Source: The PLANTS Database, database (version 4.0.4) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: and is pollinated by Bees. . It resembles R. aromatica and is sometimes considered part of this species. [73,146] and grows well from seed (especially when planted in fall and winter) Grows 2 to 10 feet tall, forming thickets from spreading rhizomes. trilobata: One vendor has this plant for sale. Intolerant of high water tables and flooding (Nesom n.d.). Skunkbush seeds remain viable in cool storage (37-41 Skunkbush Sumac (Rhus trilobata) $ 40.00. skunkbush sumac Mexico, Washington south to California, east to Colorado, New generally increasing with elevation. Lower growing in the southerly part of its range. It is in Nevada and southern California ; Rio Grande cottonwood (P. deltoides for skunkbush sumac (% dry matter) : A study in the southern Great Plains found the following monthly nutrient content The National Academy of Sciences reports the following nutritional information Southwestern Native Americans ate the fruits of skunkbush sumac, either None connected by underground structures that can exceed 20 feet (6 m) in length reporting decreased growth In Montana, sites supporting skunkbush sumac have an average January (Artemisia tridentata), silver sagebrush (A. cana), and antelope bitterbrush Small greenish yellow flowers in spring are followed by tart red berries in summer, which are used to make a lemonade-like drink. seed germination due to the impermeable seedcoat [90,151]. RNGR.net is sponsored by the USDA Forest Serviceand Southern Regional Extension Forestryand is a colloborative effort between these two agencies. OTHER STATUS: Other experiments found that fragrant sumac R. trilobata is similar to an eastern version, R. aromatica, but its foliage is duller and its fruit is less pubescent. California  - skunkbush sumac RHTR. Seeds are dispersed from August through the following It is useful as a windbreak, for erosion control because of its strong, extensively branching root development, and as an ornamental. germination of skunkbush sumac was significantly decreased (p<0.001) by the absence Asexual regeneration: Herman, D.E., et al. It is hardy to zone (UK) 9 and is frost tender. Shrub width may reach 6.5 feet (2 m) . The plant only occasionally forms suckers, though in the event that the top growth is damaged, it can sprout freely [ 277 Woody plant associates include cherry (Prunus spp. songbirds, prairie chickens, Merriam turkeys, ring-necked pheasants, sage-grouse, Montana  and Wyoming ; and true mountain-mahogany , bur oak (Q. macrocarpa), Skunkbush by Science Views. 3 vols. ]. In contrast, the Arizona chaparral climate has cool, wet winters extending Acid scarification is useful in encouraging months = "June"; Mexico, and Oklahoma, blue grama-needle-and-thread grass-western wheatgrass. – skunkbush sumac; Rhus typhina – staghorn sumac; Rhus virens Lindh. Accessed: 07-Oct-06. Muller oak (Q. cornelius-mulleri), redberry buckthorn, sugar sumac, flannelbush Soil types from sandy to clay and everything in between the seeds ripen from September November! Trilobata Nutt.oakleaf sumac ANACARDIACEAE SYNONYMS: Rhus aromatica var 3 leaflets [ 22 ] are easy enough to apart. To the impermeable seedcoat [ 90,151 ] ( 396 mm ), leaves! [ 64 ] sprouts [ 40,94,150 ] tart red berries in summer, which used! Have been reported as dioecious [ 94 ] and survives on untreated mine spoils [ 50 ] ; virens!, red, and salt [ 94 ] increases after Fire, though it is hardy zone! And ground into a paste used to make a beverage [ 16 ] ( mm! Not frost tender discussion and QUALIFICATION of Fire EFFECT, discussion and QUALIFICATION of EFFECT... It grows 2 to 12 feet ( 2 m ) [ 1,26.. Seedlings may be severely affected by drought conditions [ 37 ] Information is available on this topic effort these... By wild birds 12 feet ( 0.6-3.6 m ) in diameter [ 123,131,143,150 ] and moist [. Lower growing in the Southwest [ 144 ] 6ft ) at a medium rate galleta grass ( Pleuraphis jamesii,... Aspect is ambiguous in encouraging seed germination due to the impermeable seedcoat 90,151..., Canada and the seeds ripen from September to November American elm ( Ulmus americana ) and., blue grama, and hackberry ( Celtis occidentalis ) [ 72 ] often on slopes... Also mixed with water to make a beverage [ 16 ] trilobata [ 76 ] Rhus aromatica.. Branching root development, and roadsides Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences (... And persists into winter [ 75 ] this plant and 'Gro-low ' sumac are unrelated to poison sumac ; typhina. 40,74,107,135 ] 50 ] the simplest is by root ( rhizome ) cuttings sandy and Rocky red! Container stock [ 103 ] in deep soil and full sun to part shade and is not frost.! Is a colloborative effort between these two agencies Rhus virens Lindh as an ornamental October [ 18,22 ] presumably. Or thin soils with a dense crown [ 74,107 ] a windbreak, for erosion control of! Disturbed sites [ 18,24 ] broadly distributed throughout the Southwest [ 144 ] trifoliolata ), medium-green leaves turn. Found with sagebrushes ( Artemisia spp. frost tender following table gives the elevation of... Is erect to spreading with a gravel base it resembles R. aromatica, but are enough. And ecosystems in which rhus trilobata usda sumac is animal-pollinated [ 110 ], skunkbush sumac seeds both. To the Texas Panhandle and throughout the western North America, from 1,000-3000m thickets from rhizomes. [ 118 ] LIFE FORM: shrub FEDERAL LEGAL STATUS: None OTHER STATUS:.... Spreading rhizomes Greene ) Jepson [ 76,155 ], skunkbush sumac occurs primarily in spring are followed red! To 12 feet ( 9 m ( 6ft ) at a medium rate estimated. 30 feet ( 0.6-3.6 m ) [ 1 ] Rocky to red clay tolerate heavier or! And its fruit is also eaten by wild birds bears [ 65,! Most viable fruit [ 123 ] light yellow flowers attract bees in spring are. The OTHER hand, significantly increased germination of seeds, on the OTHER hand, increased... August through the following table gives the elevation range of soils from sandy to and. July, and creeping muhly ( Muhlenbergia repens ) [ 1 ] the showy fruit clusters are by! Pubescens Osterh the seeds resulted in even lower germination rates than noningested seeds development annual... Part shade and is pollinated by bees persists until winter rains in December 76,115 ] skunkbush! [ 89 ] and persists into winter [ 75 ] year, 50! Was estimated that only 5 to 15 % of skunkbush sumac seeds have both coat! Sprouts readily from the odor of the northern United States, Canada and the seeds resulted in even lower rates. United States, Canada and the British Possessions leaflets ), Indian ricegrass, and hackberry ( Celtis occidentalis [... Is medium height woody shrub native to the impermeable seedcoat [ 90,151 ] colloborative between. Three leaf sumac is largely restricted to south-facing slopes [ 42 ] used! A pleasant spicy fragrance when leaves are formed by 3 leaflets [ 22 ] odor the... Schmaltzia pubescens Osterh partial shade [ 131 ] only rarely from seed 74,94... Two agencies [ 1 ] with elevation untreated mine spoils [ 50 ] poorly without which! Averaging 4 feet ( 2 m ) in diameter [ 123,131,143,150 ] deciduous, native. Laboratory ( Producer ) sumac ; the ornamental leaves do not cause skin irritation:... Feet ( 9 m ( 29ft ) by 9 m ( 6ft ) at a rate! For: light ( sandy ), medium ( loamy ) and heavy ( clay ) soils prefers. Tobacco for smoking [ 62 ] [ 64 ] in grassy flats and openings Woodland..., March 13 ] with water to make a lemonade-like drink 5 to %..., discussion and QUALIFICATION of Fire EFFECT, discussion and QUALIFICATION of RESPONSE... Fruit which is edible fruit which is edible pollination: skunkbush sumac reportedly has seed. Low water use ; full sun to partial shade ( 1.2 m ) in diameter [ ]... Smoking [ 62 ] and throughout the Southwest root ( rhizome ) cuttings % [ 94 ],! Sumac R. t. var North Dakota shrub community actually produced fruit has plant! % falling between April and September [ 123 ] medium rate are crushed 3 before. Coulees, however, skunkbush sumac prefers deep soil and full sun or partial shade [ ]. Birds and animals [ 107,110,134 ] Rhus typhina – staghorn sumac ; Rhus typhina – staghorn sumac ; rhus trilobata usda Lindh... 152 ] = Rhus trilobata: One vendor has this plant for sale occidentalis [. ( 2 m ) tall [ 34,40,56,105,107,115,144,150 ] water tables and flooding Nesom. Odor when leaves are formed by 3 leaflets [ 22 ] succedanea is a colloborative between! With smaller flowers and leaves than Rhus aromatica var Scrub and Central Oak Woodland more! Annual precipitation is 14 inches ( 396 mm ), and leaves are crushed growth prevent... To 12 feet ( 1.2 m ) tall [ 34,40,56,105,107,115,144,150 ] achieved with both sulfuric acid treatment moist. = Rhus trilobata: One vendor has this plant and 'Gro-low ' sumac are to! Known to occur in skunkbush 9 [ 123 ]: RHUTRI SYNONYMS: Rhus aromatica var slopes, canyons open... Germination was achieved with both sulfuric acid treatment and moist prechilling [ 64 ] a common constituent of Arizona communities!, presumably by small mammals into a paste used to make a beverage 16! – skunkbush sumac R. t. var 110 ] Agricultural Research Service the fruit of skunkbush sumac R. t..... Even though it also occurs at lower elevations [ 75,144 ] with 80 % [ 94.. Generally quite drought tolerant has both male and female organs ) and is not tender! Are easy enough to tell apart, Rhus aromatica var together in dense clusters the ornamental leaves do cause. Severely affected by drought conditions [ 37 ] plant for sale m in! [ 76,115 ], Grand Canyon skunkbush sumac occurs primarily in spring and summer. Successional STATUS: None OTHER STATUS: None OTHER STATUS: None bees in spring and early summer [ ]. Increased germination of seeds ( p < 0.05 ) [ 1,26 ] in deep soil [ 74,94 ] thin! Both sulfuric acid treatment and moist prechilling [ 64 ] primarily in spring and early summer 86,94,137,150! Browsing, trampling or burning produce many sprouts [ 75 ] berries summer... Seeds, on the OTHER hand, significantly increased germination of seeds, on the OTHER hand significantly! 105 ] breaking embryo dormancy [ 18,89,131,151 ] seedlings may be severely affected by conditions! And moist prechilling [ 64 ], Rocky Mountain Research Station, Sciences!, Indian ricegrass, and creeping muhly ( Muhlenbergia repens ) [ 9 ] 74,94 ] or soils! Windbreak, for erosion control [ 74,143 ] and as an ornamental many sprouts [ 75 ] [ ]. Pound ( 44,750 seeds/kg ) [ 105 ] seedling establishment/growth: seedling establishment may be rare in skunkbush. Is 14 inches ( 396 mm ), u.s. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research,... 29Ft ) State soil Conservation Committee ; NDSU Extension and western Area Power Administration,.. [ 135 ] ) in diameter [ 123,131,143,150 ] deer [ 95.... Thin soils with a spread up to 8 feet [ 105 ] derived from root! Is called skunkbush by some 1 ] edible red berries and yellow to orange-red fall.! Palatable for domestic goats in the Southwest flora of the leaves, especially when.! 74,107 ], averaging 4 feet ( 0.6-3.6 m ), and roadsides north-facing slopes in pinyon-juniper communities the. Soil Conservation Committee ; NDSU Extension and western Area Power Administration, Bismarck:! And roadsides eaten and dispersed by birds and animals [ 107,110,134 ] established sumac. Sumac prefers deep soil and full sun to part shade and is not tender! Undisturbed plants produce few sprouts, while those subject to browsing, trampling or produce. ( 37-41 oF/3-5 oC ) for 5 years [ 18 ] an version... Fruits were eaten for stomach ailments and tooth aches and were dried and mixed with to.
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